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Plant vs Animal Cells

Download the Cell Organelles and Functions reference sheet.

RESOURCE:  Biology Junction – Cell Structures and Functions  

Plant Cell

plant cell

Organelles:
Nucleus
Controls cell activities
Contains DNA
nucleus


Ribosomes

Protein synthesis (makes proteins)
ribosomes


Mitochondria

Cell powerhouse- makes energy
Converts energy stored in glucose into ATP (adenosine triphosphate) for the cell
mitochondria


Vacuole

Stores food, water, and wastes
Stores large amounts of food or sugars in plants


Endoplasmic Reticulum

Transports materials through the cell
ER


Golgi Apparatus

Modifies proteins made by the cell
Packages and exports proteins
golgi


Cell Membrane

Support & Protection
Controls movement of materials in/out of cell
Barrier between cell and its environment
Maintains homeostasis


Organelles ONLY found in Plant Cells:

Cell Wall
Provides structure and support for plant cells
cell wall


Chloroplast

Performs photosynthesis (converts sunlight into energy)
chloroplast

Large Central Vacuole
Stores water,  wastes,  and large amounts of food or sugars in plants

vacuole

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Animal Cell

animal cell

Organelles:
Nucleus
Controls cell activities
Contains DNA
nucleus


Ribosomes

Protein synthesis (makes proteins)
ribosomes


Mitochondria

Cell powerhouse- makes energy
Converts energy stored in glucose into ATP (adenosine triphosphate) for the cell
mitochondria


Small Vacuole

Stores food, water, and wastes


Endoplasmic Reticulum

Transports materials through the cell
ER


Golgi Apparatus

Modifies proteins made by the cell
Packages and exports proteins
golgi


Cell Membrane

Support & Protection
Controls movement of materials in/out of cell
Barrier between cell and its environment
Maintains homeostasis


Organelles ONLY found in Animal Cells:

Lysosome
Breaks down larger food molecules into smaller molecules
Digests old cell parts
lysosome


Centriole
Separate chromosome pairs during mitosis
centrioles


Flagellum

Used for locomotion or movement
flegellum

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