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Unit 4 Evolution Test – Thursday 3/27

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Students will be taking the Unit 4 Evolution Test this Thursday, March 27th, 2014.

What to study:

Cell Organelles

Functions of all organelles

Organelles only found in plant cells

Organelles only found in animal cells

Asexual vs Sexual Reproduction

Advantages

Disadvantages

Number of parents

Genetic diversity

Types of asexual reproduction:  budding, binary fission, sporulation, etc

Genetics

Alleles, Chromosomes, and DNA

Dominant and Recessive

Genotype and Phenotype

Homozygous and Heterozygous

Punnett Squares

5 Principles of Natural Selection

1.  Organisms produce more offspring than can survive.

2.  Variations exist between members of a population.

3.  Variations are passed down to offspring.

4.  Individuals with helpful variations (adaptations) are more likely to survive and reproduce.

5.  Over time, offspring of individuals with helpful variations make up more of a population.

Peppered Moth Example

Squirrel Lab

5 Types of Evidence for Evolution

Fossil Evidence

Vestigial Structures

Homologous Structures

Embryology

DNA Evidence

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